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of Moulana Ashraf Ali Thaanvi (Rahmatullah alaih)


A Buzrug said: “Whenever a person asks me a mas’alah, then before answering I reflect: on my presence in Qiyaamah. I imagine myself standing in front of Allah Ta’ala. Now if someone (in Qiyaamah) had to ask me this question in front of Allah Ta’ala, then what would I answer? And, if the daleel (proof and basis) for my answer is sought from me (by Allah Ta’ala), then what will be my response? If I am confident that I will be able to furnish the daleel for the fatwa I issue, then only I respond, otherwise not.” Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thaanwi (rahmatullah alayh), commenting on this attitude of the Buzrug said: ‘This is indeed a wonderful Muraaqabah (meditation).’


Nowadays, people are extremely audacious in the matter of Fiqhi Masaa-il. What I fear most, is the expression of opinion in issues pertaining to Fiqah. Masaa-il are extremely delicate. It is not a sphere for every person. Just anyone should not venture into this domain. When a mas’alah or fatwa is submitted to me, very remote probabilities come to mind on the issue. It is precisely for this reason that nowadays I furnish the reference of others in the fataawa which I issue. I observe that some persons are extremely audacious in this field when infact there is an imperative need for the greatest caution.


 Explaining who in the truest sense of the concept are the Ulama-e-Haqq (the True Ulama), Hakimul Ummat, Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thaanwi (rahmatullah alayh) said: “How can he (an Aalim) be of the Ahl-e Haqq when his gaze is focused on others (besides Allah Ta’ala)? Walahoula wa la quwwata! It is utterly disgraceful that a man is initiated as a mureed (by a Shaikh) merely to increase his circle and strength. Haqq is such a power that if in the entire world there remains only one Man of the Haqq, and the whole world is filled with Ahl-e-Baatil (People of Falsehood), then the Aalim of Haqq views them all as beings devoid of reality. He understands and knows: ‘I can overwhelm them all (with the Haqq).’ If he (the Aalim of Haqq) lacks this degree of spiritual power, then, in fact, he is not among the Ahl-e-Haqq.”


Qalb-e-saleem (a sound heart) is the basis for benefit in Deen. Worldly prosperity and adversity (wealth and poverty) are equal for one whose heart is saleem (sound).

It is mentioned in the Hadith: “Saalih (halaal) wealth is beneficial for a Saalih (one of Taqwa) man.” The similitude of wealth and the heart is like the water and the ship. As long as the water remains outside the ship, the ship will safely sail. If the water enters, the ship will sink. Similarly, the heart is ruined when the love of wealth enters it.


Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali (Rahmatullah alayh) was averse to written examinations which are customary in the Madaaris. Commenting on the system of written examinations of the Madaaris, Hadhrat Thanvi said:

“My opinion in regard to Imtihaan (Examinations) is that the Imtihaan should be taqreeri (oral). The oral imtihaan quickly reveals the student’s ability and potential. The purpose is to see whether the student has understood what he has learnt, not whether he is a Haafiz of the Kitaab or not. Thus, in oral examinations there is ease for the student, and the objective of the Imtihaan is also achieved. 


“It is not a wonderful feat for those who have a perfectly entrenched Nisbat (spiritual relationship of divine proximity) with Allah Ta’ala if they do not incline towards sin. There is nothing astonishing if a man who is constantly overwhelmed by Khauf (fear) remains spiritually pure at all times. It is only by the special favour of Allah that these lofty spiritual states have become their nature. The Qur’aan says: “Do not express your favour on Me because of your Islam. On the contrary, Allah expresses His favour for having guided you to Imaan, if indeed you are truthful.” (Man owes all his excellences to Allah Ta’ala. Everygoodness is a bestowal of Allah Ta’ala.)


“The fundamental requisite for becoming a Molvi is worship of the Haqq, not worship of the nafs. The one who pursues Knowledge of the Deen should be bereft of greed (for the world), for such a molvi will alter the laws (of the Shariah) for the sake of gratifying his avarice. The authorities of the Madrasah should forthwith expel such students who lack the moral ability of becoming Molvis. Mass production of Molvis is not permissible.”




The fraternity of the Ahl-e-Ilm (i.e. the Ulama) frequently labels people as worshippers of customs. However, I say that these Ulama are the worst worshippers of custom. They will not abandon old practices (i.e. practices which have outlived their utility, e.g. jalsahs and dastaarbandi customs) despite the need for abandoning the customs.

Hadhrat Maulana Gangohi (Rahmatullah alayh) had proffered some advice to a certain Madrasah (namely, Darul Uloom Deoband). He had advised that certain kitaabs be expunged from the syllabus (these were the books of philosophy). But no one (of the authorities of the Madrasah) had practically implemented his advice despite all of them being Hadhrat’s devotees. But they did not pay any heed to the mashwarah of Hadhrat Gangohi. This is the ‘value’ they attach to the mashwarah of the Buzrugs.



Question: A man passed away on a Friday after Fajr Namaaz. Should he be buried before Jumuah Salaat or afterwards? If the Janaazah is delayed until after Jumuah there will be numerous persons participating in the Janaazah Namaaz.


Answer: He should be buried as soon as possible. The burial should not be delayed to after Jumuah. They delay the burial because they are unaware of the mas’alah. The poor souls are unaware of the fact that there are severe warnings for delaying the burial.

Death on a Friday

Question: I have heard that when a person dies on a Friday, the Angels do not take a reckoning from him until Qiyaamah.

Answer: This is correct according to the Hadith. But do remember that this is due to the fadhieelat (virtue/ significance) of the Day of Jumuah. Burying before or after Jumuah Salaat has no bearing on it.





In particular, I address the Ulama and students of the Deen and say, you content yourself with pride on account of only the possession of knowledge. You consider yourself qualified for the lofty ranks of ‘ilm. Every now and again, whether appropriate or inappropriate, you quote to the masses the Hadith, ‘The superiority of an Aalim over an Abid is like my (i.e. Rasullulah – Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) superiority over the most inferior amongst you.’

But, are you aware what kind of knowledge has this excellence? Does this superiority only apply to knowledge or knowledge accompanied with practise?


Blisters had developed on the hands of Hadhrat Faatimah (radhiyallahu anha) due to her housework. She had no servant. On the advice of her husband, Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) she requested her father, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) for a servant. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said the he can arrange a servant for her. However, if she desires he will inform her of something better than a servant. Hadhrat Faatimah (radhiyallahu anha) happily accepted the better option. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) presenting the better option said, at night before sleeping she should recite Subhaanallah 33 times; Alhamdulillah 33 times, and Allahu Akbar 34 times. Hadhrat Faatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was most pleased with this option.


It is permissible for the mazloom (the oppressed one– the one whose rights have been usurped) to speak ill of the zaalim (the oppressor). The mazloom is grieved and angered by the zaalim, and his grief and anger are justified. Therefore, the Shariah permits the mazloom to vent his anger. Subhaanallah! The ta’leem of the Shariah is wonderful and pure. It does not overlook any valid angle. Another advantage is that when people are made aware of the oppression of the zaalim, they will take measures to protect themselves.


(1) In seclusion engage in Thikrullah even 15 or 20 minutes daily. The niyyat should be to cultivate the love of Allah Ta’ala.

(2) Sit in solitude at any time for a few minutes and meditate on the bounties of Allah Ta’ala. Then reflect on your treatment of Allah’s favours and on Allah’s Mercy despite your ingratitude.

(3) Foster a relationship with the devotee of Allah Ta’ala. If being physically in their company is difficult, then communicate with them by letter. However, do not burden them with your worldly problems. Seek guidance from them of the path leading to Allah Ta’ala. Let them treat your spiritual maladies and request them to make Dua for you.

(4) Submit in total obedience to the laws of Allah Ta’ala. Such submission will increase love for Him. 

(5) Constantly make Dua to Allah Ta’ala for His love. Give practical expression to the five-point prescription. Insha-Allah, soon the Love of Allah Ta’ala will germinate and salvation from all spiritual ills will be achieved.

(To this prescription should be added perpetual Thikr. Perpetual Thikr is to keep the Name of Allah Ta’ala constantly on the tongue. While walking, sitting, lying down and in all walks of life keep the tongue fresh with Thikrullah. This is the primary way of achieving the Love of Allah Ta’ala.)


Khushu’ is the act of the heart. Its existence in us is rare. In fact, it is the root of all Itaa-at (Obedience), but we are not concerned to acquire it. Explicitly mentioning the absence of Khushu’ in us, the Qur’aan states:

“What, has the time not yet come for people of Imaan that their hearts develop Khushu’ for the Thikr of Allah?”

(Khushu’ is a blend of humility and fear)

In the Aayat, Allah Ta’ala complains about our abstention from Khushu’ of the heart.


The opposite of Khushu’ is Qasaawat. In this regard Allah Ta’ala says:

“What (do you not see that) he whose breast Allah expands for Islam, he is established on a Noor from his Rabb. Alas! (ruined are those) whose hearts become hard (as a consequence of abstaining) from Thikrullah.”

Regarding a hard heart, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“Verily, the furthest from Allah is a hard heart.”


It is incumbent on every Alim and Taalib-e-Ilm (searcher of Knowledge) to cultivate Khushu’. The zaahiri (apparent/outward) effects of Khushu’ is walking with humility with the head lowered, tenderness in speech and dealings, not to be overwhelmed when angry, abstention from vengeance and uprighteousness in conduct. If there is genuine Khushu’ in the heart, its effects will certainly become apparent on the limbs. Once when Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saw a man fiddling with his beard during Salaat, he commented:

“If there was Khushu’ in his heart, never would he have done so.”


Once Hadhrat Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu) ordered a thief’s hand to be cut off. The thief pleaded saying that this was his first offence.

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiyallahu anhu) rejected his plea saying that Allah Ta’ala never humiliates a person for the first offence. Investigation established that it was his fourth offence. Allah Ta’ala overlooks and forgives numerous of our sins. But when the point of no return is reached, then His chastisement overtakes us.


Kashf is the revelation of unseen things. Karaamat is supernatural display. Kashf and Karaamat are not necessarily the effects of spiritual perfection. These states occur to even a kaafir who engages in austere measures against the nafs. In fact, even insane persons experience kashf. I am aware of a mad woman who experiences kashf in such abundance which does not occur to even Auliya.

Accepting a non-Muslim as maqbool (accepted by Allah on the basis of his display of supernatural feats) is in total conflict with the Qur’aan. Therefore, to become followers of yogis and jaahil peers is to destroy one’s Aakhirat.

(Many ignorant Muslims are awed by kuffaar faith healers, Afiyah healers and those who perform supernatural acts. Their Imaan becomes contaminated with doubt and uncertainty.)


 The basis for acceptability of A’maal (righteous deeds) is Khuloos (sincerity). The qubooliyat (acceptance) of virtuous deeds is proportionate to the degree of sincerity. The greater the sincerity, the greater the qubooliyat.

The differences in the ranks of the Ulama is based on their degree of Khuloos. Nowadays, while many people practise virtuous deeds, they lack in khuloos. By virtue of their lofty degree of sincerity, their spending 1kg grain in the path of Allah is more meritorious than our spending gold as much as Uhud.

One raka’t of an Aarif is superior to 100,000 raka’ts of one who is not an Aarif. By virtue of ma’rifat his khuloos is superior.


 Accumulating worldly possessions for adorning worldly life is like spending one’s wealth on beautifying a hotel room where one will be staying for a few days. In the Hadith it is mentioned:

“The dunya is a prison for the Mu’min.” Just as a prisoner in jail will never be happy even if all amenities of life are provided, so too the true Mu’min derives no pleasure on earth.

Apart from the people of the dunya, even the so-called people of the Deen are alienated from the Aakhirat. They hardly entertain hopes of the Aakhirat whereas Allah says explicitly:

“O people of Imaan, Fear Allah! Every person should look at what he has sent forth for tomorrow (in Qiyaamah). Fear Allah.”


 This is a severe disease even in people of piety. Casting lustful glances at young lads and females is a universal malady. It is mentioned in a Hadith or it may be a narrative of a Buzrug:

“The glance is an arrow from the arrows of Iblees.”

People do not understand the gravity of this malady, hence they are not concerned about remedying the disease. Their attitude of 1 this grave sin as insignificant is akin to kufr. Shaitaan has cast them into great deception. This evil ruins and darkens the heart. It is absolutely necessary to exercise restraint to prevent the eyes from these evil lustful glances.


 There is no person on earth who is free of any calamity/hardship. It is not possible that nothing unpleasant happens to him. Man is subordinate to the Qudrat of Allah Ta’ala. He is not independent although he fabricates plans for himself. But, his plans do not necessarily materialize according to his wishes. In this regard the Qur’aan mentions:

“What! Is there for man everything he desires?”

Whilst he has an abundance of desires, very few are fulfilled. Only the will of Allah Ta’ala prevails, and that is best for him. But man fails to understand this mystery. Nevertheless, if he reflects, he will be able to understand this secret.

Lesson from the and unfortunate

 When seeing a person dying, take lesson. This day of death will overtake everyone. Alas! Despite seeing a dead person, people remain oblivious and derive no lesson. In fact, whilst at the graveside, then too the dunya overwhelms the mind and the heart.

Similarly, people remain impervious when seeing someone overtaken by misfortune. It is obvious that the calamity is the consequence. But it is understood to be restricted to the suffering one. But in reality, we too are embroiled in sin. Derive lesson from the misfortunes which befall others. The Hadith states: “Do not be pleased with the hardships of others.” Do not taunt or mock them. The Hadith adds: “Perhaps Allah will have mercy on him and embroil you in the misfortune.


The Ulama should remember never to be subordinate to the one who poses questions. There is no need to provide answers to suit his whimsical fancy. Respond in a manner which is appropriate for him even if it is not to his liking. Subordination to the whims of the questioner aggravates his spiritual sickness leading to an increase in his doubts.A person asked me: “Why is it not permissible to accept interest from a kaafir?” He required a lengthy exposition with evidences. I did not submit to his desire. I responded: “Why is it not permissible to fornicate witha kaafir woman?”


Regarding leadership in this world, it is mentioned in the Hadith that whoever rules even over ten people will be dragged on the Day of Qiyaamah to give an account of his reign even though he will be released later (i.e. if he had ruled with justice). However, nowadays people pursue and strive for becoming leaders and rulers, and they squander money in this pursuit.Who is qualified to be a ruler/leader? Rasulullah (9 alayhi wasallam) said:

“Rulers are of three classes. Two will be in the fire and one in Jannat.”

The one will be an Aalim ba Aml (a practising Aalim). Minus these attributes, there is only corruption and injustice. A condition is also not to request or apply for leadership. He who is self-conceited and selfish hankers after leadership. 


During the era of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam), a woman called her little son. To entice him to come, the lady showed her closed hand urging the child to come and take what she had in the hand.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) asked what she had in her hand. She showed that she had a date. He commented that if she had no intention of giving the child something, then her promise to the child would have been recorded as a sin because it was false.


Someone complained to Hadhrat Bahlool (rahmatullah alayh) about the exorbitant price of wheat. He responded:

“There is no need for concern. Our obligation is to worship Him as He has commanded, and His obligation is to feed us as He has promised.”

Alas! Nowadays, engrossment in the pursuit of money is considered progress while Tawakkul is regarded as retrogression and uselessness. Someone asked a Buzrug for the source of his food.

The Buzrug said: “The world is the House of Allah and we are His guests. According to the Hadith, a guest is for three days. By Allah one day equals a thousand years (as is mentioned in the Qur’aan Majeed). Therefore I remain a guest (for 3000 years). Thereafter you may ask me



Continuation As the hakeem was about to depart, the wealthy man held on to his hand and implored the hakeem not to leave. The man said: “Two men appeared to me holding a cage of fire and saying that they would soon be imprisoning me in the cage. On seeing you, they moved back, but said that they would soon take me in the cage.” The hakeem could not remain for long. Soon after his departure, the wealthy man died.

Several persons saw in their dreams someone warning them: “Do not perform any deeds of Isaal-e-Thawaab for him. Nothing will benefit him. He died a kaafir.”

(Those who participate in interfaith exercises should take note. Beware and fear!)


The beneficial remedy for frustration is to read the anecdotes of the Saaliheen and Auliya. The heart derives strength and peace from this. Firmness increases. In addition, engage in some Thikrullaah on a regular basis. Recite Durood Shareef at least a hundred times daily. This will, Insha-Allah, prove very beneficial. Then make dua for fulfilment of your needs
and objectives and for elimination of the frustration. Repeat each request thrice. Regardless of whether the
objective is attained or not, dua exercises a very peaceful effect on the heart.




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3 Shawaal 1444

24 April 2023



'My friends care for me. You [my parents] do not! I'm better off with them. Only they understand me, so stop telling me what to do in MY life.'

Very common and disrespectful statements from children these days..

إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ

Your helper (friend) is none but Allah and His Messenger and those who have believed - those who establish salaah and give zakah, and they bow [in worship].

If you have friends like those mentioned in the Ayah, then you have true friends. These friends direct you to what is good for you.